Special Political and Decolonization Committee

Chair: Ben Olarsch
Assistant Director: Nicholas Schrieber
Staff: TBD

Committee Topics:

Topic A: Black Market for Organs

The issue of the black market for organs originates from the international demand for healthy human organs which greatly exceeds the legal market supply. Although the data is not reliable, it is believed that early 10% of organ transfers that occur are illegal. Even in first world countries, there exists such a demand that there can be a waiting period for an organ for three and a half years on average. This dilemma spawns many moral, economic, and human rights problems: How should the organ black market be combated, if at all? Should an individual be able to legally sell their organs for a profit? How should the moral trade-off of organ markets be determined by the committee? Does the organ market interfere with sustainability goals? How should the committee resolve the issue of organ shortages? All of the prior questions are subjective to each country in the committee based on their internal policies regarding the organ market.

In countries where it is legal to sell organs, the legal price of organs is fare lower when compared to the black market price. This is likely because of the risk involved in illegal trade. It would be interesting to understand the economics behind this difference. Transplant operations are also very dangerous, and can cause those involved in the transaction to contract deadly infections. If governments were to sanction and regulate legal trade, these risks would be reduced dramatically, according to research. Waiting periods are used to reduce impulsive transactions. The “red market” is a terms coined referencing the sale of human body parts, legal or not.

 

Topic B: Rights of Foreign Nationals

As populism surges across Europe and the United States, an imminent fear of foreign nationals has endangered the observance of international law and the core values of cosmopolitan human rights. These rights are imperative to international law because they are often determined by the domestic policy of each nation but have a profound influence on the progression of international events and development, especially in the case of refugees and asylum seekers. The topic concerns the primary controversies of liberal institutionalism and international law, in that to what extent should sovereignty be instituted in contrast to international law.

This issue mainly covers the problems of sovereignty in the face of instituting international laws. These international laws are important conferences and documents between nations. Some include Universal Declaration of Human Rights (1948), International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination (1965), Declaration on the Rights of [Foreign Nationals] (1985). Should these laws change to meet the demands of contemporary global issues in migration? A key issue will be explicitly defining these rights and instituting without infringing on sovereignty. There are also important emigration documents and agreements backed by regional institutions.

SPECPOL Background Guide

 

Email: specpol@henmun.org

bolarsch@udel.edu